In 1910 a garrison of the Imperial German Army was established at the Waldstadt section of the Wünsdorf community. By the First World War in 1914 it had become Europe’s largest military base. During World War I it was the site of several prisoner-of-war camps, including the "crescent camp" (Halbmondlager) for Muslim fighters of the Triple Entente, where the first wooden mosque in Germany was erected. From 1939 to 1945, Wünsdorf hosted the underground headquarters of the German Wehrmacht (OKW) and Army's High Command (OKH). After World War II the area became a Soviet military camp, the largest outside Russia, until 1990. Since then it has been returned to civilian use.
You can actually pay the security guards 15 Euros to take a wander around here but we chose to sneak in instead and try our luck. It just so happened it was our lucky day as there was a nude photo shoot taking place, so all the doors were wide open! Result! Anyway, on with the photos.
1. Haus der Offiziere (Officers’ House). Unfortunately we didn't see inside here as security was onto us before we had a chance (cue much hiding....)
2. Statue of Lenin
10. This is where the naked girl appeared from randomly!
11. Plant room valves labelled in Russian
12. Theatre Entrance
15. Still kept in stunning condition
17. Some nice natural decay inside here
20. Russian newspapers were pasted onto the walls underneath the paintwork throughout
23. The doors were padded both inside and out along this corridor. Perhaps a secure ward.
Maybach & Zeppelin Bunkers
25. Maybach I was built in 1937 and became operational in 1939 as the threat of war loomed. The complex consisted of twelve three-storey buildings above ground designed to look from the air like local housing, and two floors of interlinked bunkers with two-foot thick walls below. Deeper in the subterranean levels of Maybach I, there were wells for drinking water and plumbing, air-filter systems for protection against gas attacks, and diesel engines to keep the system operational. Later in the Second World War, the site was further camouflaged by the use of netting. During 1945 the site was heavily bombed by both the British and Americans.
26. The entrances were all partially destroyed by the Russians in 1946 to make the bunkers ineffective for military use so we had to scramble underneath this mess of twisted steel and collapsed rocks to gain access.
27. Inside the walls were filthy from fire and smoke damage.
28. The ring tunnel connecting all the Maybach bunkers was backfilled so we were only able to walk a few hundred metres in any direction before we reached a dead end.
29. Russian scribbles cover the walls and ceiling throughout
30. Handy that someone has placed these beer crates as stepping stones over an oil spillage
32. Another small bunker a couple of hundred metres away.
33. This small entrance leads to a much larger interior
35. One of the entrances to the Zeppelin bunker, a highly modern underground communications centre which had walls up to 3.2 meters thick and a 1 metre shell around it. The Nazis’ entire second world war campaign was guided from the Zeppelin bunker, providing direct contact through telex to the fronts at Stalingrad, France, Holland and even Africa. Constructed in 1937 it was one of the largest newsgathering hubs in operation during the Second World War. The Zeppelin bunker later formed part of the Soviet Cold war era installations in Wünsdorf under the name Ranet. Further bunker installations were subsequently added to house the central command and communications functions of the Soviet army in the GDR. The bunker grounds were demilitarised following the closing of the army base in 1994, when the last Russian troops left Germany
36. Unfortunately the bunker was sealed beyond this blast door and we ran out of time. We will be back!
Thanks for looking
The history of the building already begun in the 1850s. Originally, a wood factory was built on the property, which was destroyed by a fire in the second half of the 19th century. Then there was a brewery with a restaurant, later a holiday home / recreation home of the “Trade Union Confederation”.
The hotel, located near to a swimming pool in the forest, opened in the mid-1990s.
Last guest reviews on the Internet report about unfriendly staff, bad food and unhygienic conditions. That might have been one of the reasons why the hotel was finally closed about 10 years ago.
This was a solo venture while on a recent trip to Berlin. It's around 60km outside the city so it's a pain to reach by public transport but big enough to spend a few hours once you get there. The buildings are pretty empty but there are a few cool Soviet murals dotted around and very little graffiti. I'm a bit vague on the history of this one but here's a bit I translated from Wiki.
The Fliegerhorst Jüterbog-Damm was an airfield and flying school used by German air forces during WWI (Luftstreitkräfte) & WWII (Luftwaffe). The site was used as an artillery-flying station from 1914 to 1918 for the Luftstreitkräfte. After the end of WWI the installations were demilitarised according to the peace treaty of Versailles, since this prohibited the operation of an air force. The Fliegerhorst was massively expanded from 1934/35, under the direction of the German architect Max Cetto. There were six large hangars in the north of the airport. Behind were other business and accommodation buildings. As early as 1934, the Jüterbog bomber flying school was based here, which was later renamed Kampferliegerschule Jüterbog and Kampfliegerlehrgang Jüterbog. Further aircraft training regiments, aircraft pilot schools as well as a local reconnaissance school were located here until 1945. Foillowing the end of WWII the site was occupied by Soviet forces until 1994 when it was handed back to the German government.
1. Entrance cabin
3. Part of the site is currently being used by a logging company
4. Unsure what this may have been, perhaps part of a gas station
5. A small bunker with a grass roof hidden in the trees
7. A small sub station inside
10. Another strange looking structure
11. Turned out to be the back corner of this massive aircraft hangar, now being used by a farmer
13. Interesting mound in the farmer's field
14. Once a tank emplacement
15. Some scribbles in a nearby outbuilding
16. Soviet instructional posters
20. Back to the main site another small bunker lurking in the bushes
21. Not much of interest inside, just a corridor of small rooms
22. Collapsed hall
23. The main building
The villa from the Wilhelminian period was built in 1874 - 1880 on the site of a former farm. In the following years, various industrialists lived there.
Later in use as a museum, 1945 as a Soviet hospital. After the Second World War the Villa was the seat of the Institute for Teacher Training.
Abandoned since 1996, the building will be demolished soon.