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There were four different types of munitions factory: Engineering factories producing the metal casings for bombs and shells or, in some instances, producing parts, rifles, guns and tanks. Small-arms factories producing the bullet casings. (These factories were often existing engineering factories turned over to war production.) Explosive factories manufacturing various explosive agents. Filling factories to fill the bomb and shell casings with the explosives. This site produced Cordite and was chosen for its distance from German bomber bases in Europe, while having good rail networks and a rural location that provided a good supply of labour. This ROF employed circa 13000 during WW2 mainly women. The Ministry of Works built a large water abstraction and treatment plant , just to supply the plant. To connect the site to the national rail network, a large marshalling yard of 10 separate roads was constructed, and these connected to the works' internal network of rail lines. A passenger platform was built for military usage. All the cordite produced at the plant was taken by these sidings to Crewe. The site was well defended, both on the ground and from the air; several Type 22 Pillboxes and Type 24 Pillboxes and the entire site was under a mile away from RAF base, which was home to at least one fighter squadron, for defending the region's industrial assets from bomber attack.