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France Florange Steel Works / HFX, France - June 2017

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I remember visiting the "Bureau Central" a fair few years ago and noticing the massive steel works next door that the offices were once the headquarters for. The entire works seemed to be abandoned, although the old office block had clearly been out of use for a lot longer. We added it to the list of places to check out and then forgot all about it.


A few years later we found ourselves back in the area and I noticed the massive steel works that dominate Florange once again. This time around I was a lot more interested and we went for a drive around. It looked great, so added it to the next trip map. A couple of trips later, we'd had two visits to cover the place relatively thoroughly.






The late nineteenth century saw rapid developments in the production of iron. Areas with an abundance of iron ore benefited from the expanding industry and large plants were constructed. The blast furnaces and steel works in Florange is one such example, with massive expansion taking place in the early twentieth century. The first blast furnaces were built at the site in 1906, and later a huge steel works to convert the iron into steel.


In total, six blast furnaces were built at the site. During the 1970s three of the six blast furnaces were refurbished, and their capacities increased. The other three furnaces were decommissioned and later demolished.


The blast furnaces and steelworks while they were in use


One of the oldest remaining parts of the site is a huge hall with 1919 emblazoned above the main entrance, which now contains a set of turbo-blowers for injecting high-pressure air into the blast furnaces. The hall would have originally contained an array of classic industrial machinery including mechanical blowers and alternators similar to those found at Power Plant X in Luxembourg. Electricity generation on the site ceased in the 1950s when Richemont Power Station took over, running on the blast furnace gasses produced by a number of steel works in the region.


Production of iron and steel ceased in 2012 when the last remaining blast furnaces at the site were mothballed. It was announced the two blast furnaces would be maintained so they could be restarted if market conditions improved in the future, but were permanently shut down the following year.


Now, the steel works and blast furnaces lay dormant, slowly rusting and being reclaimed by nature. Wagons stand still in the rail yard surrounded by overgrowth, the steel works silent and the furnaces lifeless.


Bureau Central


Let's start off where it all started off. The Bureau Central, the main offices of the Wendel empire.



Exterior of the old office building. Not bad, eh?


The interior has seen better days




Many rooms and corridors had glass blocks in the ceiling to let natural light through to lower floors






The Blast Furnaces


Workers at the blast furnaces, pictured in 1952


Blast Furnaces viewed from the rail yard


Coal wagons lined up below the blast furnaces


Base of one of the blast furnaces


Inside a blast furnace building


Inside another blast furnace building


Spiral staircase


Exterior with the water tower in the distance


View up a blast furnace


Wagons under a blast furnace


The blast furnace control room had been modernised


Turbo Blower House and Workshops


The blower house is where the turbo-fans are located. They were responsible for blowing the huge amounts of air required by the blast furnaces. This cavernous building would have once housed a set of classic engines for blowing the air, along with a power plant, all of which was removed in the 1970s.


Turbo-fan sets 1 and 2


There was one blower set for each blast furnace


Side view of the huge blowers


Turbo-fan 3


The green motor for fan 3


Historic control panel from when older machines were used


The machines this panel controlled were removed a long time ago


Newer control room for the turbo-blowers


Turbo-blower control room


Workshop area




Locker room


Railway and Coal / Iron Ore Delivery Area


The steelworks had its own station for the delivery of coal and raw materials such as iron ore which would be emptied into hoppers below. A lot of wagons are parked on the tracks.


Wagons parked in the delivery station


Track over the coal and iron ore hoppers with blast furnaces behind


Nature is starting to reclaim the tracks


Blast furnace and wagons


Trains would drop their content directly into the hoppers below

Steel works


The steelworks took the pig iron produced by the blast furnaces and converted into steel.


Historic photos of the steelworks, pictured in 1952


Sign in the steelworks


View along one of the many long sections


View down the steelworks


View in the opposite direction


Work area between machinery


Ladles lined up in the ladle bay


One of the ladles tipped up


Wider view of the ladles


One of the work bays


Another work bay


Crane lowered in one of the bays


Furnaces for melting iron and scrap


Track for moving ladles


Electromagnetic lifting gear


Rolling Mill


The mill is where the steel products are finished off and rolled or shaped into their final forms.


Plant in the rolling mill


Plant in the rolling mill


Lifting gear in the mill


Crane hooks in the mill


Tracks leading to mill equipment

Accidental selfie with a "HFX" sign. In keeping with the other European steelworks known as "HF4", "HF6", "HFB", etc. I initially called the place HFX. It's actually the abbreviation for "Hauts Fourneaux", the French plural of Blast Furnaces.

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Great set with fascinating pics again! Although I have visited the Bureau Central repeatedly, I have never been to the steelworks next to it...

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spot on mate,this is on one of those euro maps ive had a while gathering dust..looks bloody decent

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Just got better and better that did 😎. Aside from the epic industrial-ness I really like the level of decay in those admin buildings at the beginning :) 

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