A bit of background:
Due to the increasing demand for cokes in the steel industry and the resulting rise in prices, people started looking for a more cost-efficient technique. This was found by injecting pulverized coal as a replacement for the heavy oil used until then in the melting process. Pulverized coal is mixed in the primary air supply and blown into the blast furnace. The most noteworthy aspect of this method is that it is possible to use cheaper coal in the system and to replace expensive cokes, thus significantly reducing costs. The process was developed in the 19th century, but was only industrially implemented in the 1970s. In this blast furnace, the method was only introduced in the mid-1990s. In the factory in these photos, pulverized coal was produced until the closure of the nearby blast furnace in 2008.
I have seen many reports of this place in various places but here is my recent visit. It is looking pretty empty and a fire has caused damage to the floor so certain areas I avoided walking on. Photos are taken with my phone as i didn't take my camera.
1. The History
Hermitage Mill is built close to the waters of the River Maun which runs alongside the it. Built as a cotton mill in standstone and three storeys high (with basement), it was at first part of the Unwin family's many business ventures. The Unwin family were a dominant force in the cotton and hosiery industry in nearby Sutton-in-Ashfield. In 1782 Samuel Unwin Jnr. and London banker, James Heygate, leased the hermitage site from the 4th Duke of Portland to build their mill. It was the first mill to be built on the Maun after the 'Arkwright revolution'. The original mill building is still standing, though in a state of disrepair with no currently active use. In the 1870s a large brick extension was built to enable the mill to change from cotton-spinning to the manufacture of lace and hosiery and to accommodate the change from water power to steam power. Other additions included an engine house, by 1878, and boiler room.
The building was sold to Clumber Building Supplies in the 1950s, who then sold some years later to Buildbase, as a builder's merchant. It ceased trading in December 2008, and since then the mill has been left derelict and fenced off. In 2009, Mansfield District Council initially wanted to turn the building into a heritage centre. The council failed to secure funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund and the mill was put on the market before being acquired by Germane Properties Ltd in 2014
Since then it has suffered spates of vandalism attacks which have damaged some of its significant architectural features. Plans are afoot to re-use the site and old mill building and in 2017 an application was put forward in July to retain the structure and 18th century style of the site and convert it into a 50-bed care home and 32 assisted living apartments. Works will include repair and replacement of windows, alterations to brickwork, stone work and render - and minor alterations to the lower ground layout. HEB Chartered Surveyors estimated the cost of refurbishing the mill at just over £4.1m. The mill was previously Grade II Listed back in March, 1994.
Just a few of the best photos. Also my first report so anything missing or can be improved let me know.
Shoreham Cement Works.
Image from the CementKilns website
The works them selves are dug within the chalk pits which the raw materials for the cement was mined from with the production of cement beginning in 1883. The works are in the ideal spot for producing cement as they had river access and later railway access, allowing for the production of over 140 tonnes of cement.
In the early 1900's the works had expanded and in the 1940's, they were the first to receive the new Vicker's Rotary Cement Kilns which still stand. As well as the kilns chalk washing mills,clicker stores and Storage Silos were also installed after the second world war.
From then up until the 1990's the plant was throwing out over 500tonnes of cement on average. Along this time a number of improvements had been made to effect production. Unfortunately, in 1991, the works shut due to the technical limitations of the plant which made it inferior to the new facilities. The works also contributed health hazards due to the dust and pollution.
Today, the works stand dormant. The land around is used for vehicle storage and repair, as we also found out on the explore. The site is listed and has plans to be come some sort of "Eco-Village" although the plans are not approved as part of the South Downs project.
From many websites, re-written in my own spelling errors and grammatical abominations.
The Photos, mostly consisting of Kilns.
By Urban Relics
A friend asked me recently what my favorite location was so far. It would surely have to be one of the industrial sites I’ve visited and this one, an abandoned power plant, that was part of a large steel mill, was certainly among the top favorites!
Even though the steel mill it was attached to closed in the beginning of 2012, this power plant had become obsolete years earlier, when it was replaced by a newer and more modern power plant. Some of the equipment was recuperated, but for the main part the building and its content were left to gather a thick layer of rust and dust. There are plans to turn the blast furnace on the site into some sort of a museum, a bit like Landschaftspark in Germany, so one can only hope that this beautiful vintage power plant will be salvaged and turned into a museum too… Me, i prefer it the way it was when I visited it: abandoned, decayed and dirty!
Urban locations often get the most peculiar names. Why this one was named “Wet Dogs Plant” is beyond me. I'm guessing it has something to do with the security guards and their dogs, still very present and active on the premises...